#2. Which of the following is the distinguishing characteristic of oligopolies?
#3. In Economics, the term ‘market’ refers to a:
#4. Which of the following statements is accurate regarding a perfectly competitive firm?
#5. When the monopolist divides the consumers into separate sub markets and charges different prices in different sub-markets it is known as
#6. Which of the following markets would most closely satisfy the requirements for a perfectly competitive market?
#7. The structure of the toothpaste industry in India is best described as
#8. Discriminating monopoly implies that the monopolist charges different prices for his commodity:
#9. In which form of the market structure is the degree of control over the price of its product by a firm very large?
#10. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a competitive market?
#11. Suppose the technology for producing personal computers improves and, at the same time, individuals discover new uses for personal computers so that there is greater utilisation of personal computers. Which of the following will happen to equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity?
#12. Assume that when Price is ₹10, the quantity demanded is 5 units and when Price is ₹12 the quantity demanded is 4 units .Based on this information, what is the Marginal Revenue resulting from increase in output from 4 units to 5 units
#13. The market for hand tools (such as hammers and screwdrivers) is dominated by Draper, Stanley, and Craftsman. This market is best described as
#14. When e > 1 then MR is
#15. Time element was conceived by
#16. Suppose that a sole proprietorship is earning total revenues of ` 1,00,000 and is incurring explicit costs of ` 75,000. If the owner could work for another company for ` 30,000 a year, we would conclude that :
#17. Under which of the following forms of market structure does a firm have no control over the price of its product?
#18. Which of the following statements is false?
#19. Sweezy’s Model explains the concept of price rigidity relating to following market form
#20. Suppose that, at the profit-maximizing level of output, a firm finds that market price is less than average total cost, but greater than average variable cost. Which of the following statements is correct?
#21. Marginal Revenue is equal to:
#22. Price Discrimination cannot persist under the following market form:
#23. Price discrimination is one of the features of ___________
#24. When e = 1 then MR is
#25. Assume that when price is ` 20, the quantity demanded is 9 units, and when price is ` 19, the quantity demanded is 10 units. Based on this information, what is the marginal revenue resulting from an increase in output from 9 units to 10 units
#26. Price varies by attributes such as location or by Customer Segment is __________ degree of Price Discrimination.
#27. Which of the following is not an essential condition of pure competition?
#28. Average revenue curve is also known as:
#29. Price-taking firms, i.e., firms that operate in a perfectly competitive market, are said to be “small” relative to the market. Which of the following best describes this smallness?
#30. Natural Monopoly arises when
#31. Stock exchange market is an example of
#32. For market the essential condition is –
#33. One characteristic not typical of oligopolistic industry is
#34. The structure of the cold drink industry in India is best described as
#35. If firms in the toothpaste industry have the following market shares, which market structure would best describe the industry? qno 36 pgno 4.59
#36. Generally, perishable goods like butter, eggs, milk, vegetables etc., will have
#37. If supply increases in a greater proportion than demand
#38. Which of the following statements is correct?
#39. Combination of Monopoly Market and Monopsony Market is called as:
#40. Which of the following is not a characteristic of monopolistic competition?
#41. The long-run equilibrium outcomes in monopolistic competition and perfect competition are similar, because in both market structures
#42. The kinked demand curve model of oligopoly assumes that
#43. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a “price-taker”?
#44. Conditions for equilibrium of a firm are:
#45. It is assumed in economic theory that
#46. When price is less than average variable cost at the profit-maximising level of output, a firm should:
#47. A market structure in which many firms sell products that are similar but not identical is known as
#48. If the average cost is higher than the average revenue then the firm incurs _________________
#49. Agricultural goods markets depict characteristics close to
#50. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
#51. A purely competitive firm’s supply schedule in the short run is determined by
#52. Assume that when price is ` 20, the quantity demanded is 15 units, and when price is ` 18, the quantity demanded is 16 units. Based on this information, what is the marginal revenue resulting from an increase in output from 15 units to 16 units?
#53. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
#54. In the table below what will be equilibrium market price? qno 1 pgno 4.53
#55. Which of the following is not a condition of perfect competition?
#56. Under monopoly, the degree of control over price is:
#57. Monopolistic competition differs from perfect competition primarily because
#58. Average revenue is equal to
#59. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a perfectly competitive market?
#60. Under _________________ the monopolist will fix a price which will take away the entire consumers’ surplus.
#61. The demand curve of a monopoly firm will be __________________
#62. Assume that in the market for good Z there is a simultaneous increase in demand and the quantity supplied. The result will be :
#63. Average revenue is the revenue earned
#64. Pure oligopoly is based on the ________________ products
#65. Assume that consumers’ incomes and the number of sellers in the market for good A both decrease. Based upon this information, we can conclude, with certainty, that the equilibrium:
#66. Under perfect competition, in the long run, there will be no ________________ .
#67. When ______________________________, there will be allocative efficiency meaning thereby that the cost of the last unit is exactly equal to the price consumers are willing to pay for it and so that the right goods are being sold to the right people at the right price
#68. What is the shape of the demand curve faced by a firm under perfect competition?
#69. When ________________________________, we know that the firms under perfect competition must be producing at the minimum point of the average cost curve and so there will be productive efficiency
#70. When e < 1 then MR is
#71. Example of a commodity said to have an International Market.
#72. Suppose that the demand curve for the XYZ Co. slopes downward and to the right. We can conclude that
#73. With a given supply curve, a decrease in demand causes
#74. In oligopoly, when the industry is dominated by one large firm which is considered as leader of the group, Then it is called:
#75. Marginal revenue can be defined as the change in total revenue resulting from the:
#76. Price discrimination will be profitable only if the elasticity of demand in different sub-markets is
#77. Total revenue =
#78. A Monopolist is a
#79. When an oligopolist individually chooses its level of production to maximize its profits, it charges a price that is
#80. Secular period is also known as
#81. Oligopolistic industries are characterized by:
#82. In the context of oligopoly, the kinked demand hypothesis is designed to explain
#83. A firm encounters its “shutdown point” when:
#84. The firm in a perfectly competitive market is a price-taker. This designation as a price-taker is based on the assumption that
#85. In the long-run equilibrium of a competitive market, firms operate at
#86. When the products are sold through a centralized body, oligopoly is known as
#87. For a price-taking firm :
#88. The firm and the industry are one and the same in _______________
#89. Which is the first order condition for the profit of a firm to be maximum?
#90. The condition for pure competition is
#91. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a monopolistically competitive market?
#92. Stock Exchange is example of ________ Market:
#93. Price discrimination is related to
#94. Suppose a firm is producing a level of output such that MR > MC, what should be firm do to maximize its profits?
#95. The market for the ultimate consumers is known as
#96. AR is also known as:
#97. When ________________________________ , we know that the firms are earning just normal profits
#98. At price P1, the firm in the figure would produce QNO 75 PGNO 4.64
#99. In a very short period market:
#100. Monopoly may arise in a product market because
#101. Under perfect competition a firm is the ___________