Justify the following statements.
1) Management is essential in professional and non-professional activities.
a) As management is universal in nature it is applicable everywhere, either it is a professional activity or non-professional activity.
b) Every person performs certain activity to achieve pre-decided goals. E.g. earning of profit, winning games competitions, to increase goodwill, etc.
c) Organisations either large, medium or small, profit making or non-profit making, government or non-government organisation, etc. to get success, to attain goals every time management plays a vital role It’s application ensures smooth functioning of business.
d) A professional acquires certain specific formal education. He has specific skill to achieve his goals. He performs management functions like planning, organizing, controlling, etc. Similarly, while performing nonprofessional activities, like plantation of tree, blood donation campaign, a person also requires to perform certain management functions.
e) Thus, management is essential in performing professional as well as non-professional activities.
2) Levels of Management depends on the size of organization.
a) Making different parts for the smooth functioning of business and to “achieve decided goals is called levels of management.
b) The size of business is small, medium or large. Every business needs to manage the activities efficiently and effectively.
c) The levels of management depends on size of organization. If the size of organization is small the classification of levels becomes easy and simple. Whereas in large organization, it becomes difficult and complicated. The levels of management in such organisation may be classified into three parts i.e. Top level, Middle level and Lower level.
d) These levels of management are important in organization. These levels have their own functions. As per that they have to perform their duties and responsibilities to attain their set goals and objectives.
e) Thus, levels of management depends on size of organisation.
3) Management is a group oriented action.
a) In the words of Mary Parker Follet, “management is an art of getting things done through others”. Management focuses on completing the work through human resource.
b) It is co-ordinating of all available resources effectively and efficiently. In organisation, the activities are done by the subordinates, employees under the guidance of a manager.
c) A manager, though he is competent, able, has capacity, skills to perform the organizational task, ‘it is not possible for a single manager to perform all the activities related to the said task alone.
d) To fulfill or accomplish the objectives and goals, he needs the help of other people, as it should be divided among all the employees, as per their skill, qualification, interest, knowledge and experience.
e) Thus, management is a group oriented activity.
4) Management is an art.
a) An art is the bringing about a desired result through the application of skills. It is an innovativeness and creativeness of a person. This is a natural and inborn quality of a person. But with the help of proper education and practice one can developed the quality or qualities. E. g. acting, dancing, cycling, magician, singing, drawing, skating, musician, sports etc. comes under art.
b) Art does not require any specific educational qualification or it not any compulsion. It is inborn quality or a skill.
c) As a manager, in organisation he has to handle various kinds of situations, employees, other resources effectively and efficiently with his own style. So he uses his skills which are either inborn or developed by practice and formal education.
d) A manger must be innovative. He should handle the conditions. He should not use same methods all the time. Like an artist, he has to develop his skills by regular practice. He should use different techniques and skills to get perfect result. This is possible due to regular practice.
e) Every managers has different abilities and skills. They have to use their own abilities and skills to guide the people to achieve their goals.
f) Thus, manager need to be creative and skilled like an artist. Hence, management is an art.
5) There is no need of registration for managers.
a) Every professional is registered with the concerned body or organisation. A professional is formally educated and also a skilled person.
b) A manager, now-a-days, possess a diploma or degree in management studies like Indian Institute of Management (IIM), PUMBA (Savitribai Phule Pune University, MBA) etc. A person who wants to be a manager acquires the required knowledge of the profession and trains himself/ herself for the managerial job.
c) As management is a profession, a manager is not practicing independently. He is an employee of the organisation.
d) Thus, there is no need of registration for managers
6) Management is a continuos process.
a) Management is a continuous process. It is an important feature of management.
b) A manager of an organisation has to perform managerial work to achieve pre-defined goals of the organisation. To achieve these goals, he as a manager applies various functions of management, principles of management and also techniques of management.
c) From the beginning till the achievement of success, continuous efforts of every individual is required.
d) Continuity is an integral part of management. It is necessary through out the life of an organisation.
e) Therefore, management has become necessary to start the activity and to run the activity at the business smoothly.
f) Thus, management is a continuous activity. It is not a one time process, but it is never ending process.
7) Planning is a task of top level management.
a) Planning means thinking before doing. It is thinking in advance. Before the action, there is a thinking process.
b) In the large organisation, management levels are divided into three parts i. e. top, middle and lower. At the top level management, very few personnels are involves. They are Board of Directors, Managing Directors, President, Chief Executive Officer, etc.
C) The main function of top level management is to frame the plans and policies of the Whole organisation to achieve its goals.
D) It decides the long term objectives of the organisation and also frames particular plans and policies to get them. Further, it also sees that the policies are properly implemented.
E) Framing of organizational objectives and accordingly plans and policies to achieve them becomes a tough task of top level management.
F) Thus, Planning is a task of top level management.